History of extrasolar planets detection


While till 1995 all experts world wide told us we're the only planetary system in the whole universe (SETI 1995: "in fact many authorities felt our(s)" (...planetary system...) "might be unique") in 2012 "Kepler is teaching us that the galaxy is teeming with planetary systems" and planets are prolific, ubiquitous.


THE VERY FIRST DETECTION: a planet orbiting the star 51 Pegasus (1995). See also here (article in  Golden Gater Online October 24, 1995 ) (local copies here and here in case the original documents get lost. There are today so many people who try to correct history afterwards in hindsight - with many different motivations - that it's no wonder that many papers and documents of that time simply disappeared. If you look into the history books, this happened at every important historical date and event, so it's not really necessary to care about. Falsification of history and corruption of historical facts has a long tradition in human history.)

In Feb.1997 The New York Times reported in a big news feature about the wobbling sun and how exoplanets can be found by searching the sky for wobbling stars. Read more here

Other Planetary Systems?
New Planets Discovered!
Discovery of a Planetary Orbit In 51 Pegasus (M. Mayor & D. Queloz)
A planetary companion to HR3522 has been detected! (G. Marcy & P. Butler)
Possible re-classification of the companion to HD114762? (Discovery by Dave Latham et al.) (G. Marcy & P. Butler)
tau Boo (HR 5185) (G. Marcy & P. Butler)
HR458 (G. Marcy & P. Butler)
16 Cyg B = HR 7504 (Cochran and Hatzes) and (Butler and Marcy).
A Planet Orbiting the Star rho Coronae Borealis (AFOE)
51 Pegasi and its Variations, A Planet Vanishes (D. Gray, Nature 385, 795, 1997)
Can the 51 Peg Doppler Variations be due to Non-Radial Pulsations ? (M.Mayor, D.Queloz, G.Marcy, R.P.Butler)
A Search for Line Shape and Depth Variations in 51 Pegasi and tau Bootis (Brown, T.M., Kotak R., Horner S.D., et al. 1998, Feb 10, ApJ 494, L85)
The Lack of Spectral Variability in 51 Pegasi: Confirmation of the Planet Hypothesis (A.P. Hatzes, W.D. Cochran, & E.J. Bakker, 1998, ApJ 508, 380)
HR 4796 (NASA astronomers using the new Keck II telescope in Hawaii have discovered what appears to be the clearest ev idence yet of a budding solar system around a nearby star)
Hubble Takes First Image of a Possible Planet Around Another Star and Finds a Runaway World (S. Terebey, May 28, 1998)
Image of a Planet: Too Hot to be True? (June 26, 1999)
HR5568, HR7875 and HR810 by Kuerster et al. at ESO (IAU Colloquium #170, Victoria, Canada, 22 June 1998)
Gliese 876 : THE CLOSEST EXTRASOLAR PLANET (Haute-Provence Observatory) (July 6, 1998)
14 Herculis (Gliese 614) A GIANT PLANET WITH A LONG PERIOD (Haute-Provence Observatory)
Extrasolar planet in double star system discovered from La Silla (November 24, 1998)
A Report from Microlensing Planet Search Collaboration: A Possible Earth Mass Planetary System found in MACHO-98-BLG-35? Rhie et al. 1999, AAS 193 10805
Gravitational Microlensing Evidence for a Planet Orbiting a Binary Star System Microlensing Planet Search (MPS) (Nature, Nov. 4, 1999)
Upsilon Andromedae: A Multiple Planet System (SFSU)


In 2000 you could read this report in the internet. (A list of the till 2000 discovered exoplanets. www.crystalinks.com)

Feb 2003 in A&A: Temporal variations of low-order spherical harmonic representations of sunspot group patterns: Evidence for solar spin-orbit coupling

Jul. 2005: Sun's retrograde motion and violation of even-odd cycle rule in sunspot activity or here

Mach 2006: Axial rotation, orbital revolution and solar spin–orbit coupling

2007: the australian Journal of Coastal Research.

April 2008: Does a Spin–Orbit Coupling Between the Sun and the Jovian Planets Govern the Solar Cycle?

March 2009: Orbital Resonance and Solar Cycles  pdf here. "We show, that inner planets orbit on heliocentric trajectories whereas outer planets orbit on barycentric trajectories".(So even this little detail seems to be confirmed by others.)

Oct 2010: The barycentric motion of exoplanet host stars: tests of solar spin-orbit coupling pdf here


Today thousands of internet pages exist to exoplanets...

Searching For Extrasolar Planets California & Carnegie Planet Search (G. Marcy & P. Butler)

The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopedia (J. Schneider, France)

The Geneva Extrasolar Planet Search Programmes (Suisse)

The SARG Exo - Planets Search (Italia)

ET, Exoplanet Tracker
- ASEPS: All-sky Survey for Extrasolar PlanetS (Jian Ge, Univ. Florida)


- EXPERT - EXtremely high Precision ExtrasolaR planet Tracker
- FIRST - Florida IR Silicon immersion grating spectromeTer

SERAM project (Search for Exoplanet with Radial-velocity At MPIA)

ESPRI - Exoplanet Search with PRIma

CAPS, Carnegie Astrometric Planet Search

RoPACS Rocky Planets Around Cool Stars (David Pinfield, Univ. Hertfordshire)

TEP, Transits of Extrasolar Planets

EXPORT: EXo-Planetary Observational Research Team

SuperWASP Wide Angle Search for Planets

SWEEPS (Sagittarius Window Eclipsing Extrasolar Planet Search)

Extrasolar Planet Detection with the AFOE -- (Advanced Fiber-Optic Echelle)

Arizona Search for Planets (ASP)

ERC, Extrasolar Research Corporation

All Sky Automated Survey (ASAS)

BEST, Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope and BEST II (Institut für Planetenforschung Berlin-Adlershof)

Extrasolar Planetary Systems
The Extrasolar Planetary Foundation

Microlensing Planet Search Project MPS
The MACHO Project, MAssive Compact Halo Objects

A Parade of New Planets (Scientific American Explorations)
Planet Hunters (Discovery Online)
Strong signs of livable planets (San Jose Mercury News)
Other worlds distant Suns A catalog of extrasolar planets (Garber Astronautics)
"Planetary systems and their changing theories" (Pawel Artymowicz)
Planeta extrasolares (David Sánchez Gómez)
Ancient Suns

The Astrobiology Web
The Astrobiology Network - Exploring the Living Universe
NASA Astrobiology

Astrobiology (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.)
International Journal of Astrobiology (Cambridge Journals)

 Space Missions

TPF (Terrestrial Planet Finder), Origins of Stars, Planets, and Life (NASA) PlanetQuest
Darwin (Space Infrared Interferometer Project) (ESA) - search for Earth-like planets

SIM Space Interferometry Mission (NASA)

GAIA, Global Astrometric Interferometer for Astrophisics (The Galactic Census Project)

COROT COnvection ROtation ŕ Transits planétaires -- (Asteroseismology and Search for Exoplanets)

MOST Microvariability & Oscillations of STars (Canada's First Space Telescope)

Kepler NASA mission to detect transits by extra-solar Earth-like planets (NASA)
Kepler Mission (NASA)

PLATO (PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars) ESA Cosmic Vision 2015 - 2025

 Organizations & Initiatives

DPS, Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society, AAS
The Planetary Society, Extrasolar Planets

PlanetQuest -- NASA's Exoplanet Exploration Program

NExScI, NASA Exoplanet Science Institute

Exo-planet Roadmap Advisory Team (EPR-AT) ESA

Blue Dots roadmap towards the detection and characterization of habitable exoplanets

IAU Comission 53: Extra-Solar Planets (created August 2006) - formerly IAU Working Group on Extra-Solar Planets

Spanish Planet Network

 Future instruments to detect earth-like planets

NAHUAL (Near-infrAred High-resolUtion spectrogrAph for pLanet hunting)

3.5m CAHA
CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with a Near-infrared Echelle Spectrograph)


GIANO bifront infrared spectrometer

UPF, UKIRT Planet Finder [successor of PRVS, Precision Radial Velocity Spectrometer (Gemini)]

SPIRou: a nIR échelle spectropolarimeter for CFHT

Magellan II (Clay) Telescope
PFS, Planet Finder Spectrograph Magellan II (Clay) Telescope (Carnegie Institution of Washington), Chile, Las Campanas Observatory

HZPF: (Habitable Zone Planet Finder), A proposed high resolution NIR spectrograph for the HET to discover low mass exoplanets around M stars

ESPRESSO, (Echelle SPectrograph for Rocky Exoplanet- and Stable Spectroscopic Observations) - High resolution (R150000) visual spectrograph

EPICS (Earth-like Planet Imaging Camera Spectrograph)
CODEX (COsmic Dynamics and EXo-earth experiment) - High resolution (R150000) visual spectrograph
SIMPLE, High resolution (HR) near infrared (NIR) spectrograph for the E-ELT


"Extrasolar Planets: Formation, Detection and Dynamics", Rudolf Dvorak (Editor), Wiley, 2007
"Exoplanets Detection, Formation, Properties, Habitability", John W. Mason (Editor), Springer Praxis Books, 2008

Extrasolar Visions (News, Forums, etc...)
ExoPlanetNews monthly electronic Newsletter

Planetary News: Extrasolar Planets The Planetary Society



Extra-solar Planets Catalog
Simbad database, Strasbourg
CDS Portal, simultaneous search in Simbad, Aladin and VizieR
The Transiting Planets (Frédéric Pont)
Known Extrasolar Planets (From The Geneva Extrasolar Planet Search Programmes)
Lists of Extrasolar Planets (IAU Working Group on Extrasolar Planets)
Known Planetary Systems (Alex Willman)



Go to links1 (most actual automatically generated links). There are by now so many exoplanet sites that a manual supervision is impossible.